carp: CArbohydrate Ramachandran Plot
The "Ramachandran Plot", where backbone torsion angles are plotted against each other, is a frequently used tool to evaluate the quality of a protein 3D structure. For carbohydrate structures, linkage torsions can be evaluated in a similar way. Preferred Phi/Psi values of the torsion angles of glycosidic bonds depend strongly on the types of monosaccharides involved in the linkage, the kind of linkage (1-3, 1-4, etc) as well as the degree of branching of the structure.
CARP analyses carbohydrate data given in PDB files using the pdb2linucs algorithm. For each different linkage type a separate plot is generated. The user can choose between two sources for plot background information for comparison: data obtained from PDB (Fig.1) or GlycoMapsDB (Fig.2). GlycoMapsDB provides calculated conformational maps, which show energetically preferred regions for a specific linkage, while PDB data is based on experimentally solved structures. For seldom occuring linkages, however, PDB data is often rare, so maybe not sufficient background information for comparison will be available from this source.

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Fig.1: Background data source PDB
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Fig.2: Background data source GlycoMapsDB

When citing carp, please refer to:

 Lütteke T , Frank M , von der Lieth CW:
Carbohydrate Structure Suite (CSS): analysis of carbohydrate 3D structures derived from the PDB
Nucleic Acids Res 2005, 33: D242-6.
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